Disperse from a Local Disease
Injury to the Region
Based on the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, periorbital cellulitis can result from the spread of contamination that originates in the sinuses located near the nose. The bones between the sinuses and the orbit aren't quite thick, therefore the disease can spread to the eyelid tissues. However, most cases of sinusitis don't trigger periorbital infections. Bacteria that could cause this kind of disease include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Haemophilus influenzae, according to EBMedicine.net.
Disease in the Blood
Bacteria from the abscess can travel to adjacent tissues in the face.
Any trauma that breaks skin in the eyelid area can lead to peri-orbital cellulitis, based on the U.S. National Library of Medicine. A scratch to an animal or insect bite or the eyelid can enable bacteria to enter the tissues of the eyelid, causing an infection. small wound may also cause an infection of the eyelid tissues. Bacteria which are generally situated on the skin, for example Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis, might be the cause of these infections, according to EBMedicine.net. Careful monitoring of or eyelid injuries can avoid immediate infection and advancement.